1.1 Naziv zanimanja(Name of the occupation)

Zavarivač / Varilac (Welder)

1.2 Šifra zanimanja (Code of the occupation)


1.3 Struka (Occupation family)

Mechanical engineering and metal processing

1.4 Međunarodna kvalifikacija (International classification)


1.5 NIVO POTREBNIH KVALIFIKACIJA (Level of required classification)



2.1 OPIS ZANIMANJA (description of the occupation)

  • Cut off the material and attach the soldering material
  • Attaches metal parts to a compact unit; welding procedure is performed with additional materials (electrolux and gas) and no additional materials (electro-welding)
  • Participates in the construction of high-strength structures as well as manufacturing of consumer goods
  • The job is performed according to the relevant technical and technological documentation (descriptions, technical drawings, sketches) with a specific method of welding, tools, machines and protective equipment

2.2 Grupa poslova / ključni poslovi / aktivnosti (Group of tasks / key tasks / activities)

2.3. Potrebna znanja, vještine i kompetencije (Required knowledge, skills and competence)

Preparation and organisation of work

  • Organize own work
    • Prepares and studies technical-technical documentation
    • Plans work space
  • Preparation of workplace and material
    • Checks the workplace cleanliness
    • Downloads and verifies the correctness of the welding equipment, tools, accessories, measuring instruments and protective equipment
    • Provides personal hygiene and occupational hygiene, wears a protective suit
    • Checks the preparation of the material in accordance with the work order
    • Perform quantitative and qualitative control of starting materials
    • Adjusts the required parameters for the process


  • List the basic rules of organization of work
  • Explain the organization of a workplace, workshop or facility
  • Explain the content of the technical-technological documentation and explain them
  • Describe the basics of technical drawing
  • Describe the basic characteristics of the material
  • Describe the basic types and characteristics of metals and alloys
  • Recognize concepts from the basics of electrical engineering
  • Recognizes the basic characteristics and application of tools, accessories, measuring instruments and protective equipment
  • Describes working conditions
  • List the basic parameters of the work process



  • Apply technical and technological documentation
  • Plan the distribution and order of jobs
  • Check the preparation of the base material in accordance with the working order
  • Apply procedures and rules for maintaining work space, equipment, tools, and devices
  • Adjust basic parameters related to the process



  • Rationally uses resources
  • Take responsibility for your work
  • Show willingness to acquire new knowledge and skills
  • Exhibit adaptability to different working conditions
  • Has readiness for team work
  • Inspire communication
  • Insure a positive attitude towards the application of occupational safety measures and anti-fire protection measures
  • Insure a positive attitude towards the importance of preserving and protecting the environment

Operational tasks

  • Manual welding (REL)
    • Select additional material
    • Prepare the edges of the basic welding material by the REL procedure
    • Connect elements by the REL method
  • Welding of materials by electrostatic process in a protective atmosphere (MIG, MAG, TIG)
    • Select additional material and adapt the appropriate protective gases
    • Prepare the edges of the basic welding material by MIG, MAG and TIG
    • Attach material to MIG, MAG and TIG
  • Welding of materials by electrodeposition
    • Prepare welding equipment,
    • Prepare the welding material,
    • Connect the material electrically
  • Welding materials by gas process
    • Select additional material
    • Prepare the basic welding material and adjust the welding parameters
    • Connect the material by gas welding
  • Connecting parts by soft and hard soldering
    • Prepare soldering surfaces
    • Connect different materials by soft soldering
    • Connect different materials by hard soldering
  • Check and test welded joints and eliminate possible faults
    • Control visual disturbance visually
    • Eliminate errors by a specific welding process


  • Specify the types and basic characteristics of additional welding materials
  • Identifies equipment and devices used in the REL procedure
  • Explain the procedure of manual electro welding welding
  • Differentiate forms of welds and types of welded joints
  • Explain the welding process in a protected atmosphere (MIG, MAG and TIG)
  • Specify the types and basic characteristics of electro-welding welding
  • Identify welding devices and equipment by electrodeposition
  • Specify the types and basic characteristics of fuel gases
  • Describes gas welding equipment
  • Explain the gas welding procedure
  • Describes types of soldering
  • Explain the technique of soldering
  • Specify material properties
  • Distinguish the characteristics of additional materials
  • Describe the types and causes of faults in the interference and the consequences of the voltage in the welded joint
  • List the methods and procedures for preventing and eliminating errors and strains
  • Specify welded control procedures
  • Explain the basics of thermal treatment



  • Choose additional material
  • Prepare the welding material
  • Position and fasten the base material
  • Apply welding and threading technique by the REL procedure
  • Apply handling techniques with tools, accessories and welding equipment
  • Prepare the edges of the base welding material
  • Position and fasten the base material
  • Apply Welding Techniques by Electro-Process in a Protected atmosphere (MIG, MAG and TIG)
  • Apply handling techniques with tools, accessories and equipment
  • Apply welding techniques by electrodeposition
  • Apply handling techniques with tools, accessories and equipment
  • Apply welding and threading techniques by gas welding
  • Perform the process of gas cutting of the material
  • Perform a material grouting process
  • Apply handling techniques with tools, accessories and equipment
  • Provide surface preparation and soldering edges
  • Perform the preparation of soldering equipment
  • Choose additional material
  • Position parts on the basis of technical documentation
  • Apply the joining technique by soft and hard soldering
  • Apply handling techniques with tools, accessories and equipment
  • Assess the visual shape and quality of the disturbance
  • Apply troubleshooting methods
  • Perform finishing of disturbances in the locations of faults detected
  • Perform welding of parts with a fault with the previously applied procedure

Communication, commercial and administrative tasks

  • Communication with associates, superiors and clients (customers, clients)
    • Communicates with associates
    • Communicates with service users
  • Complete the required documentation
    • Complete the required documentation
    • Complete the work order / operation list
    • Fill in the checklist
    • Complete the issue / return of the material
    • Keep track of the status of tools, accessories, devices and HTZ equipment


  • Recognize the content of the work and technology documentation
  • Briefly describe the ways of proper communication with associates
  • Recognize ways to solve communication problems
  • Recognize the importance of teamwork



  • Identify appropriate and accurate data from the work process
  • Apply data entry techniques in the technological and operational documentation
  • Use professional terminology
  • Establish a proper relationship with superiors, associates and auxiliary staff in accordance with the organizational structure
  • Select a way to overcome misunderstandings in communication

Quality assurance, safety at work, preserving health and the environment

  • Quality control in accordance with standards and norms
    • Produce the product according to technical-technical documentation
    • Control the quality of the noise and construction of the measuring and control devices
  • Perform the work without jeopardizing personal safety, employee safety and the environment
  • Applies protection measures at work, fire protection and environmental protection
    • Use the devices and equipment in accordance with the operating instructions and protective measures and anti-fire protection
    • Use space, equipment and devices in accordance with radiation protection measures
    • Apply environmental protection measures in accordance with applicable regulations


  • Specify the quality parameters of the material
  • List the quality control regulations and procedures
  • Indicate principles of measurement and control
  • Provide protection measures at work, fire protection and environmental protection
  • Identify negative impacts in welding and control of health and environment
  • Separate protective equipment



  • Apply quality control regulations and procedures
  • Recognize the quality of the material according to the markings
  • Apply methods and measurement and control techniques
  • Apply protective measures at work, fire protection and environmental protection in accordance with regulations
  • Select protective gear according to the type of negative impact

2.4 Poželjni stavovi koje se odnose na zanimanje (Desirable attitudes related to the occupation)

The welder should possess a high level of precision and accountability and readiness to check the qualification / quality of work – attesting.

The welder effectively utilizes working time, assumes responsibility for his / her work, expresses a positive attitude towards the importance of technical and functional correctness of the equipment and tools for work, expresses the ability for teamwork and co-operative. It shows the ability to adapt to different working conditions and

finding new situations. It is desirable to have initiativity and independence in work, precision, care and efficiency. Inspired by a positive attitude toward the application of occupational safety measures, fire protection, the importance of preserving the environment, as well as professionally ethical norms and values. It shows the readiness to apply and acquire new knowledge, as well as the application of modern technologies.


3.1 Potrebe na tržištu rada (Needs at the labour market)

The welder works in metallurgical, auto and avionics industries, shipbuilding, construction, as well as in the process industry.


4.1 Članovi ekspertne grupe (Expert group members)

  • Sead Pašić, Pedagoška institucija BD, Brčko
  • Zlatko Ibrišimović, Pedagoški zavod TK, Tuzla
  • Marija Naletilić, APOSO, Mostar
  • Slobodan Miličević, SŠ Posušje
  • Slobodan Ivković, Mašinska škola Prijedor
  • Svjetlana Bugarinović, SŠ “Nikola Tesla”, Teslić
  • Radenko Mičić, SŠC Bratunac
  • Zlatomir Filipović, SŠC “Petar P. Njegoš”, Šekovići
  • Ružica Križanac, SŠ Novi Travnik
  • Miloš Jelić, “4.septembar”, Teslić
  • Novica Stijačić, TRB Bratunac

4.2 Predlagatelji (Proponents)

Competent education authorities

4.3 Web-stranica na kojoj je odluka o usvajanju standarda zanimanja objavljena

(Web-page of the decision on adoption of the occupational standard)


4.4 Rok do kojeg standard zanimanja treba evaluirati (The deadline by which the OS should be reviewed)

5 years


5.1 Specifična zakonska regulativa za zanimanje (Specific regulations for the occupation)


5.2 Rizici i radni uvjeti (Risks and working conditions)

  • Due to the specificity of the welding work and the risks to which the welder / welder is exposed, special attention is paid to the protection measures at work.
  • The welder works in the production hall / workshop, and is sometimes separated in a specially designed welding cabinet to protect other workers from sparks and flashes.
  • Works also in the open (bridges, ships, buildings, plants, etc.) at elevation, under water, or in a confined space.
  • Works in specific and often difficult conditions such as: exposure to high temperatures, polluted air, noise effects, increased radiation intensity. The welding machine / welding machine uses welding appliances, measuring and control devices, protective equipment, tools and equipment for cleaning the weld.
  • Due to the specificity of the welding work and the risks to which it is exposed, special attention is paid to the use of protective equipment.
  • Particular attention is paid to protection against falling objects and gases that are released during welding.
  • The health of the welders is periodically checked.

5.3 Specifični zahtjevi (Specific requirements)

Welding jobs can be performed preferably by a healthy person with a healthy musculoskeletal system and dissecting organs. The hands are, of course, smart and quiet to make the smells as good as quality. Emotional stability (self-control, self-control) and ability to work under specific conditions (height, underwater, cramped space, etc.) are also needed.